The Oskar Fischer Lecture Series
About Oskar Fischer
In 1907, Oskar Fischer, a psychiatrist and neuropathologist in Prague, published pathological findings from 16 cases of “senile” dementia, describing the amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles that are the pathological hallmarks of the condition now known as Alzheimer’s disease. Fischer followed up in 1910 with a comprehensive clinico-pathological study of 275 brains that included controls of various ages and pathologies.
That same year, Emil Kraepelin, director of the psychiatric clinic in Munich where Alois Alzheimer worked, named the disease in his textbook of psychiatry after Alzheimer, who had reported a single case in a short publication in 1907. Even so, over the next several years, plaques were referred to as “Fischer’s plaques.”
In 1919, Fischer left his research position at the German University in Prague and by 1939 was no longer allowed to teach there. He was arrested by the gestapo in 1941 and sent to the “political prison” in Terezin, where he died one year later at age 65.